Engineering in Mechanical is one of the oldest branches of engineering. It is also measured as the ‘Mother’ branch of engineering. Another interesting feature of mechanical engineering is that the application base of this stream of study is tremendously wide and diverse. Approximately all invention during the very old period and a huge majority in the modern era is straight contributions of one or the other application of mechanics.
Usually, mechanical engineers have to deal with concepts such as mechanics, structural analysis, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, robotics, kinematics and many others. These concepts are applied in the procedure of designing different types of motor vehicles, state-of-the-art manufacturing units, aircraft and aerospace parts and an enormous assortment of industrial machinery. Mechanical engineering also contributes in the invention of various engines, heating and cooling systems, power plant equipment and other machinery. Mechanical engineers not only design or invent new mechanical systems but they are also liable for testing, manufacturing and maintaining them.
The above mentioned are the conventional roles and responsibilities of mechanical engineers. However, times have changed now. These days the scope of mechanical engineering is increasing beyond its traditional limits. Mechanical engineers are concentrating their attention towards new fields of research such as biomedical applications, nanotechnology, environmental conservation, development of composite materials etc.
The ever growing scope of this particular job profile now needs professionals to obtain into financial and marketing features of product development and even into public and resource management. All in all mechanical engineering provides a broad bouquet of job options to students who are looking for a secure and bright career.
Passing +2 with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry is the initial step you take towards becoming a professional mechanical engineer. To be entitled for a graduate programs (BE/B.Tech) in a college, you should have achieve at least 50% or 60% marks for being eligible for IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) in +2 with PCM (Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry) as subjects.
After this, you can able to sit for diverse entrance examinations such as:
• IITJEE , Joint Entrance Examination for IITs for admission to various IITs
• AIEEE , All-India Engineering Entrance Exam for admission to various NIT or regional engineering colleges
Apart from these, there are numerous of engineering colleges across the country where you can get into a graduate programmer in mechanical engineering. For admission, some of these colleges conduct their own entrance whereas some accept AIEEE rank/scores.
You can also choose for a diploma in engineering from a polytechnic college. For getting a diploma, the basic qualification is completion of Class 10 with 50% marks. The duration of these diploma courses is 3 years for regular and 4 years for part-time study.
Another choice is to earn a similar eligibility provided by the Institution of Engineering (India). Diploma holders can also get direct admission into the 2 year of a graduate programmer as a lateral entry.
After the completion of the graduate program, you can go for the 2 year masters program in mechanical engineering or ME/M.Tech. If you are eager in pursuing a post-graduate programme in mechanical engineering from any of the IITs institute, then you must appear for the GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineers).
These days many engineering colleges are providing a dual programmes (BE/B.Tech and ME/M.Tech). Some other institutions are providing a combination of an engineering degree along with a management programme.
In case you are interested in further studies in engineering, you can go do a Ph.D or even choose for a management degree from a reputed business school.
Is it the Right Career for Me
Like other career options, the admission into this particular branch of engineering also needs you to have certain basic characteristics. First and prime, you must have a liking for mechanical devices and machinery and how these machines work. Then you must be good at physics, mathematics and chemistry. You must also have skills such as logical reasoning, an analytical bent of mind and problem solving.
Further, you must have huge physical strength, patience, ability to work for long hours and an inventive spirit that are important factors for becoming a successful mechanical engineer.
What will be the cost- Fees of Mechanical Engineering
A graduate programme for Mechanical Engineering from a private engineering institution will cost you anywhere between Rs.50,000 - 2,00,000 annually. However, in a reputed government run institution such as the IIT (Indian institute of Technology) or any regional engineering college, you will have to pay annual fees between Rs.30,000 - 55,000.
Educational institutes providing programmes in mechanical engineering usually extend scholarships to candidates from socially and economically backward classes such as SC, ST, OBC etc. Scholarships, stipends, freeships, and financial assistance are also given to students on the basis of merit and other qualifying criteria.
Since mechanical engineering is the wide of all engineering streams, the job prospects on offer for skilled mechanical engineers are aplenty and endless. Mechanical engineers are required to manufacture, design, test, install, maintain and operate a broad array of machines and mechanical systems that are used in numerous companies. These professionals can locate employment both in the government and private sector.
Major companies that use mechanical engineers contain aeronautical, automobiles, space research, energy and utilities, bio-mechanical industry, air conditioning. Other major employer include huge manufacturing plants, air conditioning and turbine manufacturing plants, refrigeration industry, oil and gas exploration, the agricultural sector and refining industries.
In the government sector, mechanical engineers can offer their knowledge to diverse government run projects in the role of technical professionals and consultants. They can also employment in private engineering industries that offer technical consultancy to both government and corporate firms.
These engineers can also get high managerial positions in government as well as private sector industries according to their field of expertise and educational eligibility.
Mechanical engineering provides a wide range of career opportunities to job applicant. The average monthly salary of mechanical engineers who are fresher to this profession is approximately in the range between Rs.10,000 -25,000. Good campus placements can fetch even better packages for worthy students. Mechanical engineers who got a post-graduate degree from a reputed institute tend to get better opportunities than diploma and degree holders.
From here on the annual salary package depends on a number of features such as the skill set possessed, expertise, the employer, experience, roles and responsibilities, etc. Highly qualified experts mechanical engineers can easily command salary package as high as Rs 40 to 45 lacs per annum.
Highly skilled professionals from this stream, such as post-graduates (Masters) from various IITs, often look for suitable employment in overseas. It is not that only highly qualified mechanical engineers get opportunity to work overseas. If you are employed in MNCs (Multi National Company), you may also get the opportunity to work on offshore projects.
Different Roles, Different Names
Roles of a mechanical engineer are different and depend on their field of specialization and the organization they are working for.
In wide terms, the job profile of mechanical engineers can be classified into the following functional sections:
• Research and Development (R and D): Engineers whose role is to do research and then plan for new machines and their ingredient parts(components).
• Design: Experts whose liability is to design technical drawings, manually or with the help of computers.
• Production: Engineers who oversee the manufacturing of mechanical components and machines.
• Analysis and testing: Professionls who analyze and test different types of machines and their components to ensure that they function perfectly.
• Installation: Experts who install machines and their parts at the client location.
• Maintenance: Engineers whose primary role and responsibility is to ensure that machinery is working as per terms.
Top Companies of Mechanical Engineering
1. Automobile and auto part manufacturers
2. Shipping industry
3. Various Government sector undertakings
4. Thermal plants and gas turbine manufacturer
5. Aerospace industry
6. Aviation companies
7. Steel plants
8. Air conditioning and refrigeration industry
9. Engineering consultancies
10. Armed forces
Tips for Getting Hired
1. It is advisable to get a post-graduate degree in this field
2. Computer skill is a must these days
3. You must have good communication and interpersonal skills
4. A management degree further brightens your future prospect